Wildlife conservation: Risks and efforts | Environment

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Wildlife Conservation: Risks and Efforts 1A coolie (Photo: VNA)

Hanoi Airport (VNA) Although Vietnam is rich in biodiversity with a large number of valuable, rare and endemic species, it has witnessed a decline in the number of many rare species, which requires the country to work hard to preserve and protect them from the threat of extinction.

According to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), from 2013-2017 Vietnam recorded 1,504 violations of wildlife rules involving 1,461 suspects. More than 180 species of wild animals were illegally transported, confined, hunted, and traded in this period.

A report by the International Environmental Investigation Agency showed that in the 2014-2019 period, Vietnam highlighted more than 600 wildlife trade cases, 105 tons of ivory were seized (which means more than 15,700 elephants were killed), as well as 1.69 tons of rhino horn (equivalent to 610 individuals); skins, bones and other products of about 228 tigers; And the body and scales of about 65,510 scaly anteater.
Wild animals have been illegally trafficked not only within Vietnam but also across the border, making the country a transit place for criminal gangs in ivory smuggling, pangolin husks And rhino horns from Africa.

From 2016 to 2021, more than 11,000 wild animals were offered for sale online, according to WCS.

Results of a project to protect elephants in Vietnam from 2013-2020 showed that Vietnam had fewer than 120 elephants. Meanwhile, statistics from the IUCN revealed that in 2015, fewer than five tigers were living in nature in Vietnam. The IUCN Red Book He said that tigers may have become extinct in Vietnam. One of the reasons for this situation is poaching and animal trafficking.

Regarding wild birds, 18 Vietnamese and international NGOs have discovered bird trade hotspots such as Thanh Hoa (Long An) and Tam Nong (Dong Thap) or areas around Xuan Thuy, Cat Ba and Tram Chim National Parks.

Hunting, trafficking and consumption of wild birds has affected Vietnam’s standing on the world stage as the country joined the East Asia-Australia Flight Routes Partnership (EAAFP) as well as several other international agreements and commitments on wildlife protection.

The Nature Conservation and Biodiversity Agency of the Environment Department of Vietnam under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment stated that WWF Vietnam is strengthening communications to raise public awareness about tiger conservation in Vietnam.

Huang Thi Than Nhan, deputy director of the agency, said that although traces of tigers are hard to find in the wild in Vietnam, the country can still contribute to tiger conservation efforts in Southeast Asia through ongoing attempts such as protecting and restoring tiger habitats, and ending captivity. Non-conservative, reduce consumer demand for tiger products.

In the National Tiger Protection Program for the period 2014-2022, Vietnam set a goal to protect and conserve tigers, their habitats and prey, which contributes to preventing tiger population decline, gradual recovery, and improving and increasing their number. Wild tigers by 2022.

To this end, Vietnam has identified seven major sets of solutions, including establishing a priority area for tiger conservation and building corridors to conserve tiger habitat in the wild; Development of a program for monitoring the populations of tigers and their prey in the wild; Strengthening communication to raise public awareness in this area; Increasing cross-border cooperation at work. /.



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